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Investigation of the active site of oligosaccharyltransferase from pig liver using synthetic tripeptides as tools

Investigation of the active site of oligosaccharyltransferase from pig liver using synthetic tripeptides as tools

Biochemical Journal 312: 979-985

ISSN/ISBN: 0264-6021

PMID: 8554547

DOI: 10.1042/bj3120979

Oligosaccharyltransferase (OST), an integral component of the endoplasmic-reticulum membrane, catalyses the transfer of dolichyl diphosphate-linked oligosaccharides to specific asparagine residues forming part of the Asn-Xaa-Thr/Ser sequence. We have studied the binding and catalytic properties of the enzyme from pig liver using peptide analogues derived from the acceptor peptide N-benzoyl-Asn-Gly-Thr-NHCH3 by replacing either asparagine or threonine with amino acids differing in size, stereochemistry, polarity and ionic properties. Acceptor studies showed that analogues of asparagine and threonine with bulkier side chains impaired recognition by OST. Reduction of the beta-amide carbonyl group of asparagine yielded a derivative that, although not glycosylated, was strongly inhibitory (50% inhibition at approximately 140 microM). This inhibition may be due to ion-pair formation involving the NH3+ group and a negatively charged base at the active site. Hydroxylation of asparagine at the beta-C position increased Km and decreased Vmax, indicating an effect on both binding and catalysis. The threo configuration at the beta-C atom of the hydroxyamino acid was essential for substrate binding. A peptide derivative obtained by replacement of the threonine beta-hydroxy group with an NH2 group was found to display acceptor activity. This shows that the primary amine is able to mimic the hydroxy group during transglycosylation. The pH optimum with this derivative is shifted by approximately 1 pH unit towards the basic region, indicating that the neutral NH2 group is the reactive species. The various data are discussed in terms of the catalytic mechanism of OST, particular emphasis being placed on the role of threonine/serine in increasing the nucleophilicity of the beta-amide of asparagine through hydrogen-binding.

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Accession: 008913171

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