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Involvement of supraspinal GABA receptors in majonoside-R2 suppression of clonidine-induced antinociception in mice



Involvement of supraspinal GABA receptors in majonoside-R2 suppression of clonidine-induced antinociception in mice



Life Sciences. 61(4): 427-436



Majonoside-R2 (MR2) is a major constituent of Vietnamese ginseng (Panax vietnamensis, Ha et Grushv. Araliaceae) that is known to exhibit antagonistic activity against opioid-induced antinociception. In this study, we investigated the effect of MR2 on the antinociception caused in mice by the alpha2-adrenoceptor agonist clonidine, and elucidated the role of supraspinal GABAergic systems in this effect of MR2. The systemic administration of clonidine (0.5-2.5 mg/kg, s.c.) dose-dependently suppressed the nociceptive response of mice in the tail-pinch and hot-plate tests. The intraperitoneal (i.p.), intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) or intrathecal (i.t.) administration of idazoxan (a selective alpha2-adrenoceptor antagonist) significantly antagonized the antinociceptive effect of clonidine in both tests. MR2 administered systemically (1.5-6.2 mg/kg, i.p.) or centrally (5-10 microg/mouse, i.c.v. or i.t.) dose-dependently antagonized the clonidine (1 mg/kg, s.c.)-induced antinociception in the tail-pinch test but not in the hot-plate test. The antagonistic effect of i.c.v. MR2 on the systemic clonidine-induced antinociception in the tail-pinch test was significantly reversed by i.c.v. administrations of the selective benzodiazepine receptor antagonist flumazenil (5 microg/mouse) and the GABA(A) antagonist picrotoxin (0.25 microg/mouse). These results suggest that the supraspinal GABA(A)/benzodiazepine receptors are involved in the antagonistic effect of MR2 on the clonidine-induced antinociception in the tail-pinch test in mice.

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Accession: 008916332

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 9244369

DOI: 10.1016/s0024-3205(97)00400-1


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