Kinetics of the immune response and regression of metastatic lesions following development of humoral anti-high molecular weight-melanoma associated antigen immunity in three patients with advanced malignant melanoma immunized with mouse antiidiotypic monoclonal antibody MK2-23
Mittelman, A.; Chen, Z.J.; Liu, C.C.; Hirai, S.; Ferrone, S.
Cancer Research 54(2): 415-421
Active specific immunotherapy has been implemented in patients with advanced malignant melanoma, utilizing the mouse antiidiotypic (anti-id) monoclonal antibody (mAb) MK2-23 which bears the internal image of high molecular weight-melanoma associated antigen (HMW-MAA). In a previous study, development of anti-HMW-MAA immunity in patients with advanced malignant melanoma immunized with anti-id mAb MK2-23 was found to be associated with a statistically significant survival prolongation. Since no information is available about the relationship between development of immunity and clinical response in patients immunized with anti-id mAb, the present study has characterized the kinetics of the immune response in three patients with advanced malignant melanoma who experienced regression of metastatic lesions following immunization with the anti-id mAb MK2-23. The three patients developed anti-mouse IgG antibodies, anti-anti-id antibodies and anti-HMW-MAA antibodies. The anti-HMW-MAA antibodies are mainly IgG, suggesting that the immune response elicited by anti-id mAb MK2-23 is T-cell dependent. The development of anti-HMW-MAA immunity preceded the reduction in the size of metastatic lesions. This temporal relationship suggests but does not prove that the anti-HMW-MAA immunity elicited by anti-id mAb MK2-23 has a beneficial effect on the clinical course of the disease in patients with malignant melanoma. This finding in conjunction with minor side effects associated with repeated administrations of mouse anti-id mAb MK2-23 suggest that active specific immunotherapy with anti-id mAb which bear the internal image of melanoma-associated antigen represents a viable therapeutic approach to malignant melanoma.