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Linoleate, alpha-linolenate, and docosahexaenoate recycling into saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids is a major pathway in pregnant or lactating adults and fetal or infant rhesus monkeys



Linoleate, alpha-linolenate, and docosahexaenoate recycling into saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids is a major pathway in pregnant or lactating adults and fetal or infant rhesus monkeys



Journal of Lipid Research 37(12): 2675-2686



Carbon recycling and desaturation and elongation of linoleate, alpha-linolenate and docosahexaenoate in ten fetuses and two nursing infants of chow-fed rhesus monkey mothers were studied in vivo using uniformly labeled tracer molecules and high precision mass spectrometry. Doses of (U-13C)-18:2n-6, (U-13C)-18:3n-3 or (U-13C)-22:6n-3 free fatty acids were infused intravenously to the adults, and milk, maternal plasma, fecal plasma and tissues, and infant plasma were analyzed for enrichment in fatty acids of length C-14 to C-22. Conversion of tracer fatty acids to palmitic, stearic, oleic, and long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids was observed in fetal liver, brain, and retina ca. 5 days after dosing, and in milk and infant plasma 1 and 7 days after dosing. Animals dosed with (U-13C)-22:6n-3 accumulated more label in the fetal organs compared to the animals dosed with (U-13C)-18:3n-3 or (U-13C)-18:2n-6. The greatest fractions of doses were found in the fetal brains at levels of 0.21%, 0.24%, and 1.7% for the (U-13C)-18:2n-6, (U-13C)-18:3n-3, and (U-13C)-22:6n-3-dosed mothers, respectively. Label was found in saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids in liver, brain and retina (0.05-1.5 ppm dose/mg lipid) for all doses. These results demonstrate that 1) recycling of carbon from 18:2n-6, 18:3n-3, and 22:6n-3 into saturates and monounsaturates is a major metabolic pathway in chow-fed primates in the perinatal period; 2) less than 2% of the n-3 doses are found in brain fatty acids of developing fetuses from chow-fed mothers; and 3) (13C)22:6n-3 accumulates in retina and brain at an order of magnitude higher level when provided as preformed (13C)-22:6 n-3 compared to (13C)-18:3n-3.

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Accession: 008958948

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PMID: 9017518


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