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Liver fatty acid-binding protein expression in transfected fibroblasts stimulates fatty acid uptake and metabolism

Murphy, E.J.; Prows, D.R.; Jefferson, J.R.; Schroeder, F.

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta 1301(3): 191-198

1996


ISSN/ISBN: 0006-3002
PMID: 8664328
DOI: 10.1016/0005-2760(96)00024-0
Accession: 008962975

The role of cytosolic liver fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP) in fatty acid uptake and metabolism was examined using cultured L-cell fibroblasts transfected with the cDNA encoding for L-FABP. (3H)Oleic acid was used to determine the effects of intracellular esterification on fatty acid uptake and to determine esterified fatty acid localization to specific lipid classes. cis-Parinaric acid, a poorly esterified fatty acid, was used to determine uptake in the absence of any appreciable esterification. High-expression L-cells had a 80% and 50% greater initial uptake rate for both (3H)oleic acid and cis-parinaric acid, respectively compared to low-expression L-cells. Maximal uptake of (3H)oleic acid did not plateau because of intracellular esterification. In high-expressing cells, maximal cis-parinaric acid uptake rapidly plateaued at a level 34% higher than in low-expression cells. After 1 min of incubation, the majority of cellular (3H)oleic acid was unesterified, with the bulk of the esterified portion preferentially localized to phospholipids. After 5 and 30 min, cells expressing L-FABP esterified a significantly greater amount of (3H)oleic acid into both the neutral lipid and phospholipid fractions than did low-expression cells. L-FABP expression also selectively stimulated (3H)oleic acid incorporation into choline glycerophospholipids. Thus, L-FABP expression not only stimulated fatty acid uptake at all time points, but also stimulated intracellular esterification into specific lipid pools. These results show in detail for the first time using an intact cell culture system that L-FABP expression not only stimulated fatty acid uptake, but also increased intracellular esterification of exogenously supplied fatty acids.

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