Lysosomal enzyme activities in skeletal muscle of patients with neuromuscular diseases

Kawai, H.; Yoneda, K.; Naruo, T.; Nishida, Y.; Kashiwagi, S.; Kunishige, M.; Saito, S.

Muscle and Nerve 18(9): 1009-1015

1995


ISSN/ISBN: 0148-639X
PMID: 7643862
DOI: 10.1002/mus.880180913
Accession: 008980655

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Abstract
Activities of nine lysosomal enzymes and pH-dependent isozyme patterns of alpha-mannosidase were examined in the skeletal muscle of patients with neuromuscular diseases, and the ratios of these enzyme activities in leukocytes to those in myocytes (L/M ratio) were determined. The activities of enzymes with a high L/M ratio were markedly increased in the muscles of patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), myotonic dystrophy (MyD), or polymyositis (PM). In contrast, those which showed a low L/M ratio were increased in the muscles of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and disuse muscle atrophy (DUA). The isozyme pattern of alpha-mannosidase in DMD muscle resembled that in leukocytes, while those in ALS and DUA muscle resembled that in normal muscle. These results may suggest that the increased activity of lysosomal enzymes in the muscles of patients with DMD, MyD, or PM is due primarily to infiltrating leukocytes, while that in patients with ALS or DUA is due to intramyofiber lysosomes.

Lysosomal enzyme activities in skeletal muscle of patients with neuromuscular diseases