+ Translate

Malarial infection and birthweight in urban Zanzibar, Tanzania

, : Malarial infection and birthweight in urban Zanzibar, Tanzania. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology 90(2): 125-134

In urban Zanzibar, Tanzania, 389 women with full-term pregnancies were studied to see what effect their infection with malaria (at delivery) had on the birthweight (BW) of their infants. The overall prevalence of low birthweight (LBW) (i.e. lt 2500 g) was 3.9% (15 out of 389). Overall, 21.3% (82/384) of the women only had peripheral parasitaemias at delivery, 17.6% (58/329) only had active placental infections and 47.9% (157/328) had both. The youngest women ( lt 20 years), the primiparae and those with Plasmodium infection gave birth to neonates with relatively low mean BW. The lowest mean BW (2967 g) was found among the offspring of women with active placental infection (N=58). The women with past/chronic infection (N=73) or no infection (N=201) generally produced heavier infants, with mean BW of 3242 and 3338 g, respectively. The women with active placental infection were also far more likely to have babies of LBW (15.5%) than those with past/chronic infection (1.4%) or no infection (1.5%). Multivariate analysis indicated that the highest relative risk of LBW (10.1, with a 95% confidence interval of 2.9-35.4) was associated with active placental infection, with no significant difference between primiparae and multiparae. In the study population, therefore, with its low prevalence of LBW, malaria infection increased the risk of LBW in full-term neonates by about 10-fold, with a population-attributable proportion of 55.4%.

(PDF 0-2 workdays service)

Order PDF Full Text


Click here to order any other PDF Full Text

Accession: 008986807

PMID: 8762402

PDF Full Text: Submit

Submit PDF Full Text

No spam - Every submission is manually reviewed

Due to poor quality, we do not accept files from Researchgate

Submitted PDF Full Texts will always be free for everyone
(We only charge for PDFs that we need to acquire)

Select a PDF file:

Other references

Lisitsyn A. P.; Krok K.; Bogdanov Yu A.; Zonenshayn L. P.; Murav yev K. G.; Tofar V.; Gurvich Ye G.; Gordeyev V. V.; Ivanov G. V., 1992: Hydrothermal field of the Manus Basin rift zone. Izvestiya Akademii Nauk SSSR: a Geologicheskaya. 1992; 10, Pages 34-55. 1992.

Teesdale, I. D., 1967: Notes on some babblers found near Kuala Lumpur. Malayan Nature Journal, 20: 111-120

Sleeman, DP.; Dorman, JA., 1986: Fin whale Balaenoptera physalus (L.). Irish Naturalists' Journal, 224: 163

Seigne, C.; Auret, M.; Treilleux, I.; Bonnavion, Rémy.; Assade, F.; Carreira, C.; Goddard-Léon, S.; Lavergne, E.; Chabaud, S.; Garcia, A.; Mazoyer, S.; Lu, J.; Bachelot, T.; Frappart, L.; Zhang, C.Xian., 2013: High incidence of mammary intraepithelial neoplasia development in Men1-disrupted murine mammary glands. Mutations of the MEN1 tumour suppressor gene predispose patients to the development of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) syndrome, which is characterized by multiple endocrine tumours, including prolactinomas. The recent findings of the i...

Khalifa, A., 1967: Observations on the first-stage larva of the pink bollworm. When the 1st-stage larva of the pink bollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella (Saunders), enters the [cotton] boll, the internal tissues of the boll wall get stimulated and form a pimple-like growth which closes the tiny aperture formed by the larva. In...

Stranden E., 1980: Radon in dwellings and lung cancer a discussion. Health Physics 38(3): 301-306

Kayumov M.K.; Ponomarev A.V., 1972: Use of photosynthetically active radiation by winter wheat treated with various fertilizer doses. Doklady Vsesoyuznoi Ordena Lenina i Ordena Trudovogo Krasnogo Znameni Akademii Sel'skokhozyaistvennykh Nauk Imeni V I Lenina (5): 7-8

Haynes C. V.; Ritchie J. C.; Eyles C. H., 1987: Geochronology of Quaternary groundwater-supported lakes, northwestern Sudan. Congress of the International Union for Quaternary Research Pages 183

Mostafa Mostafa E.; Rabie S. I.; El Rakaiby M. L., 1990: Rock unit mapping using factor analysis applied to airborne gamma ray spectrometric data, West Gabal Qattar area, Egypt. Annals of the Geological Survey of Egypt 16: 295-300

Kaliciński, P.; Kamiński, A.; Krawczyk, M.; Pawłowska, J.; Szymczak, M.; Drewniak, T.; Ismail, H.; Nachulewicz, P.; Paluszkiewicz, R.; Teisserye, J.; Łaniewski, P., 2003: Living related liver transplantation program in Children's Memorial Health Institute, Warsaw, Poland: actual results. Transplantation Proceedings 35(3): 958-959