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Microbial control of malaria vectors in Hubei Province, People's Republic of China

Microbial control of malaria vectors in Hubei Province, People's Republic of China

Bulletin of the Society for Vector Ecology 17(2): 140-149

ISSN/ISBN: 2644-0970

In the Province of Hubei, more than 20 million people on both sides of the Yangtze River are threatened by the malaria agent Plasmodium vivax. In 1985, 81,718 cases of malaria were reported, which corresponds to an annual incidence of 16.8 cases/10,000 people. The main vector is Anopheles sinensis. In a cooperative program between the Province of Hubei and the State of Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany, laboratory and field experiments as well as large-scale field trials and routine treatments with different preparations of Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis, Bacillus thuringiensis 187 (local strain), and Bacillus sphaericus strains C3-41 and 2362) were carried out in Hubei Province. During the last few years, approximately 10 tons of B.t. 187 and 14 tons of B.s. strain C3-41 (local strains) have been produced each year using natural resources in Hubei Province to treat 12,000 hectares of mosquito breeding sites. The application of microbial control agents alone has reduced the incidence of malaria in the test area from 5.6 cases/10,000 people in 1986 before routine treatments to 0.8 cases/10,000 people in 1989.

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Accession: 009019510

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