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Mitral restenosis and mitral regurgitation 1 year after Inoue mitral balloon valvotomy in a population of patients with pliable mitral valve stenosis



Mitral restenosis and mitral regurgitation 1 year after Inoue mitral balloon valvotomy in a population of patients with pliable mitral valve stenosis



American Heart Journal. 126(1): 136-140



To determine the rate of mitral restenosis and mitral regurgitation increase 1 year after mitral valvotomy using the Inoue balloon catheter, 66 consecutive patients with severe, pliable mitral stenosis had their mitral valve area (MVA) calculated by two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE) and Doppler before, immediately after balloon valvotomy, and at 1-year follow-up. Color Doppler studies were also done to detect small atrial septal defects (ASDs) and mitral regurgitation. The mean age of the patients was 31 +- 12 years. Three patients were in New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II and 63 patients were in NYHA class III to IV. Sixty-two of the 66 patients had an echo score (Boston) of ltoreq 8. After Inoue balloon valvotomy (IBV), the MVA (2DE) increased from 0.8 +- 0.2 to 1.9 +- 0.3 cm-2 (p lt 0.001), and the Doppler MVA increased from 0.8 +- 0.2 to 1.8 +- 0.3 cm-2 (p lt 0.001). We detected 4 of 65 cases (6%) with significant residual mitral stenosis (MVA lt 1.5 cm-2). Mitral regurgitation increased in 14 of 66 patients (21%), but no patient developed severe mitral regurgitation. Fourteen out of 66 patients (20%) had ASDs that were detected on color Doppler. At 1-year follow-up the mean Doppler MVA was maintained at 1.8 +- 0.4 cm-2, with 6 of 66 patients (9%) exhibiting significant mitral valve restenosis. Residual significant mitral stenosis must be differentiated from mitral restenosis. The degree of mitral regurgitation was unchanged in 59 of 66 patients (90%); it increased in 5 of 65 patients (8%), being severe in 3 of 66 patients (5%), and decreased in 2 of 66 patients (2%). ASDs closed spontaneously in 9 of 14 patients (64%). At 1 year after Inoue mitral balloon valvotomy in a population of patients with severe pliable mitral valve stenosis, mitral restenosis and the onset of severe mitral regurgitation jeopardized the initial favorable results in 14% of patients.

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Accession: 009029088

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 8322655

DOI: 10.1016/s0002-8703(07)80020-2


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