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Modulation of prolactin receptors in the rat hypothalamus in response to changes in serum concentration of endogenous prolactin or to ovine prolactin administration

Modulation of prolactin receptors in the rat hypothalamus in response to changes in serum concentration of endogenous prolactin or to ovine prolactin administration

Brain Research 663(2): 244-250

Specific binding of 125I-labeled rat prolactin (125I-rat PRL) to hypothalamic membranes was studied in Sprague-Dawley rats after ovine PRL administration and in relation to rat PRL serum variations induced by ectopic pituitary implants or by drugs which stimulate (domperidone) or inhibit (bromocriptine) PRL release. Repeated treatments with ovine PRL markedly increased specific binding values of 125I-rat PRL to hypothalamic membranes of female rats. Repeated treatments with domperidone also increased specific PRL binding in the hypothalamus. This effect was associated with an increase in PRL serum levels. Similar results were obtained in male rats after renal pituitary implants which resulted in a state of chronic hyperprolactinaemia. In contrast, a subchronic treatment with bromocriptine decreased specific PRL binding in the hypothalamus and concomitantly caused a sharp reduction in PRL serum levels. Scatchard analysis of data obtained from competition curves showed that the variations in the level of PRL binding to hypothalamic membranes were related to the number of PRL binding sites but not to the dissociation constant (K-d), which was unaffected by different treatments or by pituitary implantation. These results demonstrate a correlation between circulating concentrations of PRL and number of its receptors in the rat hypothalamus and give further support to the hypothesis that these binding sites may have a specific functional role in regulating the homeostasis of pituitary PRL secretion.

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Accession: 009037130

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PMID: 7874507

DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(94)91269-6

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