Section 10
Chapter 9,064

Multiple substrate binding sites in the ribozyme from Bacillus subtilis RNase P

Pan, T.; Jakacka, M.

EMBO Journal 15(9): 2249-2255


ISSN/ISBN: 0261-4189
PMID: 8641290
Accession: 009063104

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The ribozyme from Bacillus subtilis RNase P (P RNA) recognizes an RNA structure consisting of the acceptor stem and the T stem-loop of tRNA substrates. An in vitro selection experiment was carried out to obtain potential RNA substrates that may interact with the P RNA differently from the tRNA substrate. Using a P RNA-derived ribozyme that contains most, if not all, of the structural elements thought to be involved in active site formation of P RNA, but lacks the putative binding site for the T stem-loop of tRNA, a single RNA substrate was isolated after nine rounds of selection. This RNA is a competent substrate for the ribozyme used in selection as well as for the full-length P RNA. Biochemical characterization shows that this selected substrate interacts at a different site compared with the tRNA substrate. The selection experiment also identified a self-cleaving RNA seemingly different from other known ribozymes. These results indicate that a biological ribozyme can contain different binding sites for different RNA substrates. This alternate binding site model suggests a simple mechanism for evolving existing ribozymes to recognize RNA substrates of diverse structures.

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