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Mutation of a conserved proline residue in the beta-subunit ectodomain prevents Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase oligomerization



Mutation of a conserved proline residue in the beta-subunit ectodomain prevents Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase oligomerization



American Journal of Physiology 265(4 Pt 1): C1169-C1174



A highly conserved sequence motif (4 tyrosines and 1 proline: YYPYY) of the Na(+)-K(+)-adenosinetriphosphatase (ATPase) beta 1-subunit ectodomain has been mutagenized to study its possible role in alpha/beta-assembly and sodium pump function. Single as well as double tyrosine mutants (tyrosine to phenylalanine: Y to F) of Xenopus laevis beta 1-subunits are able to associate with alpha 1-subunits and form functional Na-K pumps at the plasma membrane that are indistinguishable from wild-type alpha 1, beta 1-Na-K pumps (as assessed by measurements of ouabain binding, 86Rb flux, Na-K pump current, and activation by external potassium). In contrast, a single proline mutation (proline to glycine: P244G) reduced by > 90% the proper assembly and function of Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase, despite a normal rate of synthesis and core glycosylation. Our data indicate that proline-244 plays a critical role in the proper folding of the beta-subunit and its ability to associate efficiently with the alpha 1-subunit in the endoplasmic reticulum.

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Accession: 009066956

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PMID: 8238307


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