NMDA receptor mediates dopamine release in the striatum of unanesthetized rats as measured by brain microdialysis
Martínez-Fong, D.; Rosales, M.G.; Góngora-Alfaro, J.L.; Hernández, S.; Aceves, J.
Brain Research 595(2): 309-315
ISSN/ISBN: 0006-8993 PMID: 1361416 DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(92)91065-m
We have studied the characteristics associated with the activation of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) subtype of the glutamate receptor on the release of dopamine (DA) in the striatum of awake rats as measured by brain microdialysis technique. NMDA dose-dependently stimulated the striatal DA release in Mg(2+)-free Ringer's solution. The stimulation was significant at 90 microM and the maximum observed effect was at the highest concentration tested (800 microM). The selective NMDA receptor antagonist, 2-amino-5-phosphonovalerate (AP5; 300 microM), blocked the stimulatory effect of NMDA. The NMDA-induced release of DA was reduced by 1.2 mM Mg2+ and totally blocked by 2.5 mM of the cation. Glycine (200 microM) potentiated the response evoked by 300 microM NMDA while 7-chloro-kynurenate (100 microM), an antagonist of the glycine site, reduced markedly this response. Neither atropine (100 microM) nor tetrodotoxin (TTX) (5 microM) prevented the stimulatory effect of NMDA. These results suggest that glutamate released from corticostriatal terminals presynaptically stimulates the release of DA via an NMDA receptor.