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Negative feedback of insulin-like growth factor-I on growth hormone secretion by porcine pituitary cells

, : Negative feedback of insulin-like growth factor-I on growth hormone secretion by porcine pituitary cells. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 75(1): 57-61

Pituitaries from female Yorkshire pig fetuses (90 d, n = 26; 110 d, n = 17) and 6-mo-old pigs (n = 5) were enzymatically dispersed, plated, and cultured for 47 h. The cells were then rinsed and incubated for 22 h with testing media containing 0, 50, 100, 200, 300 or 400 ng mL-1 of IGF-I. Half of the wells from each concentration of IGF-I were then incubated for an additional 3 h with concentrations of IGF-I similar to those in the previous incubation, while the other half also had GRF added to the testing media to reach a final concentration of 10-8 M. Culture media were then collected from all the wells, were frozen, and later assayed for GH. Irrespective of whether GRF was present, IGF-I decreased pituitary secretion of GH (P lt 0.001). A significant negative response to IGF-I was already present at the dose of 50 ng mL-1 (P lt 0.0001). However, the extent of the GH response to IGF-I seen in pigs of various ages differed depending on whether GRF was present. The present results therefore establish that IGF-I does exert a negative feedback on pituitary GH secretion in swine and that the age-related changes in this feedback are dependent on the presence of GRF. In swine, it appears that high circulating concentrations of GH in late-gestation fetuses are not a result of a lesser sensitivity of the somatotroph to the inhibitory actions of IGF-I.

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