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Nomenclature of the promising biomass coppice willows, Salix times sercians Tausch ex Kern., Salix dasyclados Wimm. and Salix 'Aquatica Gigantea'



Nomenclature of the promising biomass coppice willows, Salix times sercians Tausch ex Kern., Salix dasyclados Wimm. and Salix 'Aquatica Gigantea'



Botanical Journal of Scotland 46(1): 137-143



Some promising biomass clones traded in Great Britain as Salix times smithiana Willd. (S. viminalis times S. cinerea) are in fact S. times sericans Tausch ex Kern. (S. viminalis times S. caprea), but the major problem discussed is that two distinct willows are masquerading under the same name, S. dasyclados. To avoid confusion it is suggested that S. times dasyclados Wimmer is retained for the hybrid (2n=57), a female clone and formerly a notable Dutch and English basket willow, whereas for S. dasyclados Skvortsov non Wimmer, a species ranging from the Baltic to Siberia with 2n=76, the name S. burjatica Nasarov, as suggested by Chmelar, is preferred. The willows distributed and designated Salix aquatica Gigantea by the Danish willows specialist Jensen, which formed the basis of many early biomass trials, are regarded at present as selections of, or very similar to, S. burjatica Nasarov (S. dasyclados sensu Skvortsov non Wimmer). In addition to a higher level of ploidy, they are visually distinguishable from S. times dasyclados Wimm. by their wider and longer leaves, persistent stipules and the existence of male forms.

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