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Nucleotide sequence and characterization of the large mitochondrial rRNA gene of Penicillium urticae, and its comparison with those of other filamentous fungi

Yamamoto, H.; Naruse, A.; Ohsaki, T.; Sekiguchi, J.

Journal of Biochemistry 117(4): 888-896

1995


ISSN/ISBN: 0021-924X
PMID: 7592555
DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.jbchem.a124792
Accession: 009113273

The nucleotide sequence of a large rRNA gene and its flanking regions in cloned fragments of mitochondrial DNA from a patulin producer, Penicillium urticae NRRL2159A, was determined by dideoxy sequencing, and the 5' end and intron-exon border of the 1-rRNA gene were determined by primer extension analysis and RNA sequencing, respectively. In addition to the extensive sequence homology of the 3' end of the P. urticae mt 1-rRNA gene with those of Aspergillus nidulans and Neurospora crassa, the P. urticae gene had a 1,685 bp intron which separates a 3,307 bp 5' exon and a 583 bp 3' exon. In spite of being closely related Penicillium species, the size of the 5' exon of the P. urticae mt 1-rRNA is 472 bp larger than that of P. chrysogenum, whereas the sizes of the 3' exon and intron of P. urticae are very similar to those of P. chrysogenum (581 bp for the 3' exon and 1,678 bp for the intron). The intron of P. urticae contains a structure similar to the consensus one of the self splicing group IA intron and a large open reading frame suggested to be a gene for ribosomal protein S5. A sequence similar to the I-SceI recognition sequence was found at the exon-intron border. Extensive sequence homology was observed between P. urticae and P. chrysogenum, exceptions being in four regions in the 5' exon. These non-homologous regions were located in the hairpin and variable regions outside of the core structures. Comparison of the mt 1-rRNA sequences of several filamentous fungi revealed that the above four non-homologous regions are greatly expanded, and two other non-homologous regions appear at the 3' ends of the 5' exon and 3' exon.

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