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Ozone toxicity in the rat. III. Effect of changes in ambient temperature on pulmonary parameters



Ozone toxicity in the rat. III. Effect of changes in ambient temperature on pulmonary parameters



Journal of Applied Physiology 81(4): 1691-1700



Pulmonary toxicity of ozone (O-3) was examined in adult male Fischer 344 rats exposed to 0.5 parts/million O-3 for either 6 or 23 h/day over 5 days while maintained at an ambient temperature (T-a) of either 10, 22, or 34 degree C. Toxicity was evaluated by using changes in lung volumes and the concentrations of constituents of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid that signal lung injury and/or inflammation. Results indicated that toxicity increased as T-a decreased. Exposures conducted at 10 degree C were associated with the greatest decreases in body weight and total lung capacity and the greatest increases in lavageable protein, lysozyme, alkaline phosphatase activity, and percent neutrophils. O-3 effects not modified by T-a included increases in residual volume and lavageable potassium, glucose, urea, and ascorbic acid. There was a progressive decrease in lavageable uric acid with exposure at 34 degree C. Most effects were attenuated during the 5 exposure days and/or returned to normal levels after 7 air recovery days, regardless of prior O-3 exposure or T-a. It is possible that T-a-induced changes in metabolic rate may have altered ventilation and, therefore, the O-3 doses among rats exposed at the three different T-a levels.

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Accession: 009149109

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PMID: 8904588


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