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pH- and Ca(2+)-dependent aggregation property of secretory vesicle matrix proteins and the potential role of chromogranins A and B in secretory vesicle biogenesis



pH- and Ca(2+)-dependent aggregation property of secretory vesicle matrix proteins and the potential role of chromogranins A and B in secretory vesicle biogenesis



Journal of Biological Chemistry 271(3): 1558-1565



Chromogranins A and B (CGA and CGB), the major proteins of the secretory vesicles of the regulated secretory pathway, have been shown to aggregate in a low pH and high calcium environment, the condition found in the trans-Golgi network where secretory vesicles are formed. Moreover, CGA and CGB, as well as several other secretory vesicle matrix proteins, have recently been shown to bind to the vesicle membrane at the intravesicular pH of 5.5 and to be released from it at a near physiological pH of 7.5. The pH- and Ca(2+)-dependent aggregation and interaction of chromogranins, as well as several other matrix proteins, with the vesicle membrane are considered essential in vesicle biogenesis. Therefore, to gain further insight into how vesicle matrix proteins find their way into the secretory vesicles, the pH- and Ca(2+)-dependent aggregation and vesicle membrane binding properties of the vesicle matrix proteins were studied, and it was found that most of the vesicle matrix proteins aggregated in the presence of Ca2+ at the intravesicular pH of 5.5. Furthermore, most of the vesicle matrix proteins bound not only to the vesicle membrane but also to CGA at pH 5.5, with the exception of a few matrix proteins that appeared to bind only to CGA or to vesicle membrane. Purified CGB was also shown to interact with CGA at pH 5.5. The extent and Ca(2+)-sensitivity of the aggregation of vesicle matrix proteins lay between those of purified CGB and CGA, CGB aggregation showing the highest degree of aggregation and being the most Ca2+ sensitive at a given protein concentration. Hence, in view of the abundance of chromogranins in secretory vesicles and their low pH- and high calcium-dependent aggregation property, combined with their ability to interact with both the vesicle matrix proteins and the vesicle membrane, CGA and CGB are proposed to play essential roles in the selective aggregation and sorting of potential vesicle matrix proteins to the immature secretory vesicles of the regulated secretory pathway.

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Accession: 009152109

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PMID: 8576153


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