Pancreatic polypeptide in dorsal vagal complex stimulates gastric acid secretion and motility in rats

McTigue, D.M.; Edwards, N.K.; Rogers, R.C.

American Journal of Physiology 265(6 Pt 1): G1169-G1176


ISSN/ISBN: 0002-9513
PMID: 8279568
DOI: 10.1152/ajpgi.1993.265.6.g1169
Accession: 009155192

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High concentrations of receptors for pancreatic polypeptide (PP), a pancreatic hormone, were recently discovered in the dorsomedial region of the dorsal vagal complex (DVC). We hypothesized that gastric acid secretion and motility, digestive functions strongly influenced by vagovagal reflexes organized within the DVC, would be affected by PP applied directly to this vagal sensorimotor integration area. After urethan-anesthetized rats were prepared for antral motility recording or titrometric analysis of gastric acid output, phosphate-buffered saline or various doses of PP in phosphate-buffered saline were micropressure injected into the medial DVC. Injections of PP into the DVC produced significant, long-lasting, and dose-dependent increases in gastric acid secretion and antral motility. These gastric responses were blocked by bilateral cervical vagotomy and by atropine, suggesting that intramedullary PP stimulates vagal cholinergic pathways, resulting in enhanced gastric functions. Because PP is not synthesized within the central nervous system, these results point to a new mechanism whereby the digestive tract may modulate its own autonomic control: direct humoral action on vagovagal reflex circuits within the brain stem.