Peptide-induced nasal tolerance for a mycobacterial heat shock protein 60 T cell epitope in rats suppresses both adjuvant arthritis and nonmicrobially induced experimental arthritis
Prakken, B.J.; van der Zee, R.; Anderton, S.M.; van Kooten, P.J.; Kuis, W.; van Eden, W.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 94(7): 3284-3289
ISSN/ISBN: 0027-8424 PMID: 9096385 DOI: 10.2307/41815
Adjuvant arthritis (AA) can be induced in Lewis rats by immunization with mycobacterial antigens. Passive transfer of a T cell clone recognizing the 180-188 amino acid sequence in mycobacterial heat shock protein 60 (hsp60) was found to induce AA. In the present study, we investigated whether tolerance was obtained for this AA-associated T cell epitope after intranasal or s.c. administration of a peptide containing this epitope. Two 15-mer peptides containing the mycobacterial hsp60 sequences 176-190 and 211-225 were used; 176-190 contained the T cell epitope 180-188, which was recognized by the arthritogenic T cell clone A2b and was the immunodominant hsp60 T cell epitope after induction of AA, and 211-225 contained a T cell epitope that was recognized both after induction of arthritis with whole Mycobacterium tuberculosis and after immunization with mycobacterial hsp60. In rats treated intranasally or subcutaneously with 176-190 and immunized with mycobacterial hsp60, proliferative responses to 176-190 were reduced. Proliferative responses to 211-225 and to whole mycobacterial hsp60 were not affected. AA was inhibited intranasally in the 176-190-treated rats but not in the 211-225-treated rats. Moreover, intranasal 176-190 led to similar arthritis-protective effects in a nonmicrobially induced experimental arthritis (avridine-induced arthritis). Therefore, tolerance for a disease-triggering, microbial cartilage-mimicking epitope may cause resistance to arthritis irrespective of the actual trigger leading to development of the disease.