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Phenotypes of c-Myc-deficient rat fibroblasts isolated by target homologous recombination

Phenotypes of c-Myc-deficient rat fibroblasts isolated by target homologous recombination

Cell Growth & Differentiation 8(10): 1039-1048

Rat fibroblast cell lines with targeted disruptions of both c-myc gene copies were constructed. Although c-myc null cells are viable, their growth is significantly impaired. The absence of detectable N-myc or L-myc expression indicates that Myc function is not absolutely essential for cell viability. The c-myc null phenotype is stable and can be reverted by introduction of a c-myc transgene. Exponentially growing c-myc null cells have the same cell size, rRNA, and total protein content as their c-myc +/+ parents, but the rates of RNA and protein accumulation as well as protein degradation are reduced. Both the G-1 and G-2 phases of the cell cycle are significantly lengthened, whereas the duration of S phase is unaffected. This is the first direct demonstration of a requirement for c-myc in G-2. The G-0 fwdarw S transition is synchronous, but S-phase entry is significantly delayed. The c-myc null cell lines reported here are a new experimental system in which to investigate the importance of putative c-Myc target genes and to identify novel downstream genes involved in cell cycle progression and apoptosis.

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Accession: 009185009

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PMID: 9342182

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