Section 10
Chapter 9,189

Phospholipid free thin liquid films with grafted poly (ethylene glycol) -2000: Formation, interaction forces and phase states

Nikolova, A.N.; Jones, M.N.

Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1372(2): 237-243


ISSN/ISBN: 0006-3002
PMID: 9675298
DOI: 10.1016/s0005-2736(98)00061-3
Accession: 009188011

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Free thin liquid films (foam films) formed from aqueous dispersions of dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) and dipalmitoylphosphatidylethanolamine with covalently bound poly-(ethylene glycol) of molecular weight 2000 (DPPE-PEG-2000) were studied by the thin liquid film microinterferometric technique of Scheludko and Exerowa in the temperature range 14-36 degrees C. The surface tension kinetics of the dispersions were studied in order to ensure equilibration of the foam films. These measurements showed that the rate of surface coverage depends slightly on the temperature and does not reach equilibrium values within reasonable time intervals for the dispersions containing only one amphiphile (DPPE-PEG-2000). The destruction of the vesicles at the air/(aqueous dispersion) interface was much faster for the dispersions containing DMPC/DPPE-PEG-2000 mixtures above 23 degrees C, the temperature of the chain-melting phase transition of the main lipid component (DMPC). The dependence of the equilibrium thickness of the foam films on the electrolyte concentration was measured for 1 and 9 mol% DPPE-PEG-2000 at 28 degrees C in the range 10-3 to 0.5 M NaCl. These results indicate that at the low electrolyte concentrations the electrostatic and van der Waals interactions are dominant similar to the foam films stabilized with DMPC alone. At the high electrolyte concentrations the steric repulsion of the PEG layers becomes dominant. The temperature-composition dependence of the bilayer thickness was measured for the foam bilayers at 0.14 M NaCl. The data for the foam bilayer thickness and the comparison with the phase diagrams of PC/PE-PEG dispersions, show that the DMPC/DPPE-PEG-2000 foam bilayers are able to exist in two phase states characterised by different conformations (mushroom and brush) of the grafted polymer.

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