Section 10
Chapter 9,195

Physical and genetic maps of the Leptospira interrogans serovar icterohaemorrhagiae strain Ictero no.1 chromosome and sequencing of a 19-kb region of the genome containing the 5S rRNA gene

Takahashi, Y.; Akase, K.; Hirano, H.; Fukunaga, M.

Gene 215(1): 37-45


ISSN/ISBN: 0378-1119
PMID: 9666070
DOI: 10.1016/s0378-1119(98)00277-7
Accession: 009194287

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We report the construction of physical and genetic maps of the chromosome of Leptospira interrogans serovar icterohaemorrhagiae strain Ictero No. 1 using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis of DNA fragments generated by digestion with enzymes SrfI, AscI, FseI, and NotI and using reciprocal hybridization. We also sequenced the 19-kilobase (kb) DNA segment including the one gene for 5S rRNA (rrf) of pathogenic Leptospira. The size of the chromosome of the strain Ictero No. 1 was estimated to be 4673 kb and was found to be similar to those of the chromosomes of the leptospira strains Verdun (serovar icterohaemorrhagiae) and RZ11 (serovar pomona). The strains Verdun and RZ11 carry a small 350-kb replicon (minichromosome), and the strain Ictero No. 1 also contained the same kind of molecule together with the chromosome. The physical maps of the strains Ictero No. 1 and Verdun were almost identical, as were the locations of the selected genes, except for the location of one of the 16S rRNA genes. Overall, the genetic organization appeared to be conserved within the serovar icterohaemorrhagiae strains. In the sequenced region, we identified 10 putative ORFs and one rrf sequence, and the transcription orientations were all the same. A homology search for the products deduced from the sequenced data revealed that the orf H exhibited high similarity to malic acid enzyme of Haemophilus influenzae and fumarate hydratase of Escherichia coli (orf J). The rest of the putative products encoded by ORFs in the sequenced region showed little similarity with the proteins contained in the databases and were considered to be unknown proteins.

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