Pregnancy after transfer of embryos which were generated from in-vitro matured oocytes

Jaroudi, K.A.; Hollanders, J.M.; Sieck, U.V.; Roca, G.L.; El-Nour, A.M.; Coskun, S.

Human Reproduction 12(4): 857-859


ISSN/ISBN: 0268-1161
PMID: 9159457
DOI: 10.1093/humrep/12.4.857
Accession: 009230699

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In-vitro maturation of human oocytes is an important technique in assisted reproduction due to its potential for reducing the use of fertility drugs. We offered this technique as an alternative to cancelling the cycle to a patient who was at risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) after treatment with gonadotrophin-releasing hormone analogue (GnRHa) and human menopausal gonadotrophin (HMG). The patient had 40 visible antral follicles with a maximum diameter of 13 mm and an oestradiol concentration of 14,000 pmol/l on cycle day 12. Immature oocytes were aspirated transvaginally under ultrasound guidance. Ten cumulus-enclosed oocytes were harvested and nine of them completed nuclear maturation to metaphase II after 48 h in culture. By 18 h after an intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) procedure, seven of these metaphase II stage oocytes displayed two distinct pronuclei and two polar bodies. All fertilized oocytes but one underwent cleaveage; four of these were transferred 2 days later. Endometrial priming was initiated with 8 mg oestradiol valerate daily from the day of oocyte retrieval and 50 mg progesterone was injected i.m. daily starting 2 days after that. A single intrauterine sac was seen containing one fetus with positive fetal heart beat on ultrasound at 7 weeks of gestation. Unfortunately, the pregnancy ended at 24 weeks shortly after premature rupture of membranes; a live healthy-looking girl was delivered who died 18 days later.