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Premature termination codon mutations in the type VII collagen gene in recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa result in nonsense-mediated mRNA decay and absence of functional protein



Premature termination codon mutations in the type VII collagen gene in recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa result in nonsense-mediated mRNA decay and absence of functional protein



Journal of Investigative Dermatology 109(3): 390-394



The severe mutilating Hallopeau-Siemens type of recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (HS-RDEB) is characterized by the absence of anchoring fibrils that consist of type VII collagen. We have previously identified premature termination codon (PTC) mutations in both alleles of the type VII collagen gene (COL7A1) in HS-RDEB patients. In this study we have defined the mechanism by which these mutations elicit their phenotypic consequences in a family. The extent of nonsense-mediated mRNA decay induced by these mutations was assessed by quantitation of the level of expression of the corresponding mRNA from each of the mutant alleles by RT-PCR of parental RNA. The level of expression of the paternal mutant allele with a PTC in exon 2 was approximately 30% of that of the wild-type allele whereas that of the maternal mutant allele with a PTC in exon 104 was reduced to about 80% of the normal allele. Immunoprecipitation of newly synthesized type VII collagen with a monoclonal antibody revealed reduced quantities of alpha1(VII) polypeptides in both parents' cells, whereas their synthesis was entirely absent in the proband's keratinocytes. Thus, a consequence of these premature termination codon mutations in COL7A1 is nonsense-mediated mRNA decay, with a dramatic reduction in type VII collagen synthesis, and the absence of anchoring fibrils in the proband. These results establish a mechanistic link between the presence of premature termination codon mutations in both alleles of COL7A1 and the clinical phenotype of HS-RDEB.

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Accession: 009232926

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 9284110

DOI: 10.1111/1523-1747.ep12336276


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