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Prenatal nicotine exposure increased duration of nicotine-induced analgesia in adult rats

Prenatal nicotine exposure increased duration of nicotine-induced analgesia in adult rats

Psychopharmacology 113(3-4): 534-538

The effect of prenatal exposure to nicotine on nicotine-induced analgesia was studied in rats. The analgesic effect of a single dose of nicotine (1 mg/kg SC) was measured by the tail-flick technique, and two subsequent studies were carried out. In the first study, 7-month-old male rats, born to dams chronically treated with nicotine during pregnancy (NIC), exhibited prolonged nicotine-induced analgesia compared to matched controls. The second study was designed to explore whether rats prenatally exposed to nicotine (NIC rats) are born with an increased sensitivity to nicotine and whether there is any sex difference. The analgesic effect of nicotine was tested on control and NIC rats of both sexes once a month from 2 to 7 months of age. At an early age, male but not female NIC rats, exhibited shorter analgesic responses to nicotine than did the matched controls. With increasing age, however, the duration of nicotine analgesia began to be prolonged in NIC rats of both sexes. Significant differences between control and NIC rats were found at the age of 6 and 7 months, in both sexes. Thus, rats prenatally exposed to nicotine are not born with an increased sensitivity to the analgesic effect of a single dose of nicotine. This phenomenon develops later, during the course of life, independently of gender.

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Accession: 009233699

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PMID: 7862871

DOI: 10.1007/bf02245235

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