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Prevalence and correlates of aggressive behaviours occurring in patients with Alzheimer's disease



Prevalence and correlates of aggressive behaviours occurring in patients with Alzheimer's disease



International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 12(4): 484-487



Objectives: To determine the prevalence and clinical correlates of verbal and physical aggression occurring in Alzheimer's disease sufferers. Design: A retrospective note review was performed to classify the subjects according to whether they were verbally or physically aggressive (assaultive) or non-aggressive. The characteristics of the three groups were compared. Subjects: The subjects were 262 patients who were living in non-institutional settings and had been diagnosed as suffering from dementia of Alzheimer's type. Results: Fifty-two per cent exhibited some aggressive behaviour. Ninety-one (35%) patients were reported to be verbally aggressive and a further 46 (18%) were assaultive to their carers. Male gender (relative risk 2.17, 95% confidence interval 1.11-4.17) and the presence of dyspraxia (relative risk 2.89, 95% confidence interval 1.43-5.88) both increased the likelihood of assaultive behaviour. Verbal aggression was not associated with any of the clinical features measured. Conclusion: Aggressive behaviour is a common phenomenon in AD and approximately one in five sufferers is assaultive. Assaultive behaviour is associated with male gender and dyspraxia.

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Accession: 009239069

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 9178055

DOI: 10.1002/(sici)1099-1166(199704)12:4<484::aid-gps526>3.0.co;2-#


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