Probes for narcotic receptor-mediated phenomena. 20. Alteration of opioid receptor subtype selectivity of the 5- (3-hydroxyphenyl) morphans by application of the message-address concept: Preparation of delta-opioid receptor ligands
Bertha, C.M.; Flippen-Anderson, J.L.; Rothman, R.B.; Porreca, F.; Davis, P.; Xu, H.; Becketts, K.; Cha, X.Y.; Rice, K.C.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 38(9): 1523-1537
Derivatives of racemic and optically active 5-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-2-methylmorphan (5-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-2-methyl-2-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane, 1) were synthesized containing additional aromatic moieties, as an application of the message-address concept targeted at producing delta-opioid receptor selective ligands. In vitro radioreceptor binding studies in rat brain revealed that both of the parent enantiomers, (-)- and (+)-1, had a high affinity for the mu-opioid receptor (21 nM), a slight affinity for kappa 1-opioid receptors (approximately 800-900 nM), and less than 1000 nM affinity for the delta-opioid receptor (mu/delta IC50 ratio of < 0.02 for both). A derivative of (-)-1 containing an indole moiety fused at the C6-C7 position of the phenylmorphan nucleus, (-)-11, displayed a > 180-fold increase in affinity for the delta-opioid receptor with an IC50 value of 6 nM. The parent compound (-)-1 had only 26% agonist activity at 30 microM in the mouse vas deferens (delta) bioassay, whereas compound (-)-11 had an IC50 of 393 nM in this preparation, indicating the importance of the indole moiety in imparting delta-opioid agonist activity to the phenylmorphan (-)-11. A structure-activity relationship (SAR) study of N-alkyl derivatives of the racemic nor 11 indicated similarities between the interaction of various derivatives with the mu- and delta- but not the kappa 1-opioid receptor. As studies on the molecular basis of the interaction of opioid ligands with their respective receptors continue to gain momentum, the SAR data described herein for the synthetic phenylmorphans will prove useful for further studies.