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Purification and characterization of bovine brain calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II: The significance of autophosphorylation in the regulation of 63 kDa calmodulin-dependent cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase isozyme



Purification and characterization of bovine brain calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II: The significance of autophosphorylation in the regulation of 63 kDa calmodulin-dependent cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase isozyme



Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 122(2): 159-169



Bovine brain contains two calmodulin-dependent phosphodiesterase kinases which are separated on Sephacryl S-300 column. One of these kinases has been purified to homogeneity and shown to belong to the calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II family. Phosphorylation of the 63 kDa phosphodiesterase by this purified protein kinase results in the incorporation of 1.0 mol phosphate per mol subunit and an accompanying increase in Ca2+ concentrations required for the phosphodiesterase activation by calmodulin. The protein kinase undergoes autophosphorylation to incorporate 1.0 mol phosphate per mol of subunit of the enzyme and the autophosphorylated enzyme is active, independent of the presence of Ca2+. The autophosphorylation reaction as well as the protein kinase reaction are rendered Ca2+ independent in less than 15 seconds when approximately one mol phosphate per mol protein kinase is incorporated. The result suggests that activation of phosphodiesterase phosphorylation reaction may occur prior to the activation of phosphodiesterase and phosphatase during a cell Ca2+ flux via the protein kinase autophosphorylation mechanism.

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Accession: 009277066

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 8232247

DOI: 10.1007/bf01076100


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