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Radiation-induced neoplastic transformation of human prostate epithelial cells



Radiation-induced neoplastic transformation of human prostate epithelial cells



Cancer Research 56(1): 5-10



We report the malignant transformation of human prostate epithelial cells (267B1) after multiple exposures to ionizing radiation. Carcinogenic progression of cells from immortal growth to anchorage-independent growth in soft agar to tumorigenicity in athymic mice resulted after a cumulative X-ray dose of 30 Gy. The tumors were characterized histologically as poorly differentiated adenocarcinomas, expressed prostate-specific antigen, and stained positive for keratin. No p53 or ras mutations were observed. Numerous chromosomal defects were noted on karyotypes after radiation exposure. However, chromosome 3 and 8 translocations were observed predominantly in the tumor outgrowths. These findings provide the first evidence of malignant transformation of human prostate epithelial cells exposed to ionizing radiation.

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Accession: 009292408

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PMID: 8548774


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