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Regulation of blue-light-induced proton pumping by Vicia faba L. guard-cell protoplasts: Energetic contributions by chloroplastic and mitochondrial activities


Regulation of blue-light-induced proton pumping by Vicia faba L. guard-cell protoplasts: Energetic contributions by chloroplastic and mitochondrial activities



Planta (Heidelberg) 191(3): 293-301



ISSN/ISBN: 0032-0935

DOI: 10.2307/23382934

An initial response during signal transduction in guard cells, following absorption of blue light, is the extrusion of protons. Translocation of protons across the guard-cell plasmalemma is an energy-requiring activity. The present study has investigated the energetic contribution from guard-cell chloroplasts and mitochondria to blue-light-induced proton pumping by Vicia faba guard-cell protoplasts. The addition of 3(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea to the protoplast suspension had a minimal effect on rates of acidification when oxygen concentrations of the medium were maintained close to near-saturating levels. Under the same conditions, oligomycin reduced both the rates of blue-light-induced acidification and total proton efflux. Lowering the oxygen concentration of the suspending medium to approximately 20 micromolar resulted in complete inhibition of blue-light-induced acidification activity. Swelling of protoplasts induced by blue light was also inhibited by low oxygen levels. Levels of ATP from whole-protoplast extracts were reduced by about 64% when exposed to low levels of oxygen. Increasing oxygen levels to near-saturating levels restored both blue-light-induced acidification rates and swelling of the protoplasts within a 60-min recovery period. Levels of ATP also increased during the recovery period. Addition of 3(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea or oligomycin to the suspending medium prior to increasing the oxygen concentration caused a reduction in acidification rates after the recovery period by 40 and 80%, respectively. Levels of ATP in guard-cell protoplasts were also reduced by both inhibitors after a 60-min recovery period. The results demonstrate that both guard-cell chloroplasts and mitochondria contribute energetically to blue-light-induced proton pumping by guard-cell protoplasts. Furthermore, both energy sources are inhibited by low oxygen concentrations, suggesting coordinated metabolic regulation between photo- and oxidative phosphorylation in guard cells.

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Accession: 009320708

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Related references

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