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Regulation of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis: inhibition of adoptive experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis by 'recovery-associated suppressor cells'


Regulation of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis: inhibition of adoptive experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis by 'recovery-associated suppressor cells'



Journal of Neuroimmunology 53(2): 123-131



ISSN/ISBN: 0165-5728

PMID: 7520917

DOI: 10.1016/0165-5728(94)90022-1

We have previously shown the presence of suppressor cells in Lewis rats at the time of spontaneous recovery from experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). These cells, called 'recovery-associated suppressor cells' (RASC), are capable of preventing active EAE and inhibiting in vitro the specific proliferative response of encephalitogenic anti-MBP T cell line cells. The present investigations were undertaken in order to lend support to the hypothesis that RASC play an active role in the recovery. We found that RASC can prevent adoptive EAE when admixed with already activated, but not resting, anti-MBP T cells or when injected into the recipients separately from the encephalitogenic cells. They can also arrest the course of an ongoing disease when injected after the beginning of the clinical signs. This study provides the first direct demonstration of the downregulation of an ongoing EAE by suppressor cells.

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Accession: 009321502

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