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Relationship between stages of mammary development and sensitivity to gamma-ray irradiation in mammary tumorigenesis in rats



Relationship between stages of mammary development and sensitivity to gamma-ray irradiation in mammary tumorigenesis in rats



International Journal of Cancer 60(2): 230-234



Mature Wistar-MS rats were ovariectomized and treated with estradiol benzoate and/or progesterone. Control animals were treated with olive oil. The rats were then exposed to gamma-rays and implanted with a pellet of diethylstilbestrol. The incidence of mammary tumors in rats treated with estradiol benzoate or with progesterone was significantly higher than in rats in the non-treated control group, whereas, in rats treated with both estradiol benzoate and progesterone, the incidence was not significantly different from that in the controls. Histological examination of the mammary tumors showed 2 types of neoplasm: adenocarcinoma and fibroadenoma. Interestingly, over half of all the tumors in the rats treated with estradiol benzoate were adenocarcinomas, while fibroadenomas were mainly induced in the rats treated with progesterone or with both estradiol benzoate and progesterone. The expression of estrogen and progesterone receptors in the tumor tissues showed some differences according to whether the groups were treated with estradiol benzoate or with progesterone. Morphologically, mammary glands at irradiation showed well-developed lobuloalveoli in both the estradiol-benzoate-treated rats and in those rats treated with both estradiol benzoate and progesterone. This was consistent with the higher incorporation of (3H)thymidine into the DNA in the mammary glands of rats in both of these groups. Our findings suggest that a more advanced developmental stage of the mammary glands, dependent upon ovarian hormones, is related to a higher incidence of mammary tumors induced by irradiation.

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Accession: 009329931

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 7829221

DOI: 10.1002/ijc.2910600217


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