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Release of excitatory and inhibitory amino acids from the locus coeruleus of conscious rats by cardiovascular stimuli and various forms of acute stress



Release of excitatory and inhibitory amino acids from the locus coeruleus of conscious rats by cardiovascular stimuli and various forms of acute stress



Brain Research 704(1): 42-50



The release of amino acids in the locus coeruleus (LC) of conscious, freely moving rats was studied in time periods of 3 min by use of push-pull superfusion under basal conditions and during application of various experimental stimuli known to influence the activity of the LC-noradrenergic system. Tail pinch for 3 min led immediately to a pronounced tetrodotoxin-sensitive increase in the release rates of the excitatory amino acids (EAA) glutamate (Glu) and aspartate (Asp) and to moderate increases in GABA and taurine (Tau) outflow. Immobilization stress for 9 min elevated the release of the EAA Glu and Asp, as well as that of the inhibitory amino acid GABA to a similar extent. A fall of blood pressure (BP) by nitroprusside or haemorrhage slightly enhanced the release rates of Glu and Asp. Noradrenaline-induced rise in BP, as well as hypervolaemia increased the release rate of GABA, but did not influence the release rates of Glu, Asp, Tau and arginine (Arg). The results provide direct evidence that the amino acid release pattern in the LC of conscious rats differs in response to various stimuli, according to the modality of the stimulus. A functional significance of excitatory and inhibitory amino acids in the regulation of LC activity during stress and haemodynamic changes is suggested.

Accession: 009333858

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 8750960

DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(95)01102-1

Download PDF Full Text: Release of excitatory and inhibitory amino acids from the locus coeruleus of conscious rats by cardiovascular stimuli and various forms of acute stress



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