Replacement of serum and hormone additives with follicular fluid in the IVM medium: Effects on maturation, fertilization and subsequent development of buffalo oocytes in vitro

Chauhan, M.S.; Palta, P.; Das, S.K.; Katiyar, P.K.; Madan, M.L.

Theriogenology 48(3): 461-469


ISSN/ISBN: 0093-691X
PMID: 16728142
DOI: 10.1016/s0093-691x(97)00255-0
Accession: 009339416

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Buffalo follicular fluid was used in the IVM medium in place of serum and hormone additives for stimulating nuclear and cytoplasmic maturation of buffalo oocytes in vitro. Follicular fluid (buFF) was aspirated from visible surface follicles from buffalo ovaries. Cumulus oocyte complexes (COCs) were matured for 24 to 26 h at 38.5 degrees C, 5% CO(2) in air in the maturation medium (TCM-199). When used, the concentration of fetal bovine serum (FBS) was 10% and that of FSH-P was 5 mug/ml. In Experiment 1 TCM-199 was supplemented with 1) FBS, 2) FBS + FSH-P, 3) 20% buFF and 4) 40% buFF. The matured oocytes were denuded and stained with Giemsa stain to study nuclear maturation. The proportion of oocytes which completed nuclear maturation was similar in medium containing FSH (74%) and 20 or 40% buFF (67%), which was higher (P < 0.05) than in medium with FBS but without FSH or buFF (47%). In Experiment 2, which was aimed at examining the effects of buFF on cumulus expansion and rates of fertilization and subsequent development to the blastocyst stage after IVF, the maturation medium was supplemented with 1) FBS + FSH-P, 2) 20% buFF and 3) 40% buFF. The COCs matured in medium containing 20 or 40% buFF had significantly higher (P < 0.01) cumulus expansion than those matured in medium with FBS + FSH-P. Of the COCs matured in medium with FBS + FSH-P and 20 or 40% buFF, the fertilization rates indicated by the incidence of cleavage (56, 51 and 52%, respectively) and the proportion of cleaved COCs developing to morula (58, 54 and 57%, respectively) and blastocyst stage (30, 31 and 35%, respectively) were not significantly different. In Experiment 3, supplementation of the maturation medium with 1) FBS + FSH-P and 2) FBS + FSH-P + 20% buFF resulted in similar rates of morulae (41 and 38%, respectively) and blastocysts (31 and 25%, respectively), indicating that simultaneous presence of FBS, FSH-P and buFF did not have an additive effect on embryo yield. The results show that the gonadotropin and serum source in the IVM medium can be replaced by buFF at the 20% level to achieve comparable morula and blastocyst yields.