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Respiratory syncytial virus; incidence by age, sex and seasonality, and subgroup prevalence during 1989 to 1991, Bangkok, Thailand

Respiratory syncytial virus; incidence by age, sex and seasonality, and subgroup prevalence during 1989 to 1991, Bangkok, Thailand

Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine & Public Health 26(3): 514-520

The incidence of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection was investigated in a total of 399 patients aged under 5 years who were hospitalized to Siriraj Hospital with acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRI) during June 1989 to December 1991. Based on laboratory the diagnostic methods of immunofluorescence test for viral antigens, virus isolation in cell culture, and antibody detection, viral infections were diagnosed in 53% of the study cases. RSV was found to be the most common viral agent, followed by parainfluenza viruses, adenovirus, and influenza viruses, respectively. ALRI was more prevalent in mates than in females with a male to female ratio of 1.6 : 1. However, there was no difference in susceptibility to RSV infection in both genders. Prevalence of RSV infection by age was demonstrated during the first three years of life with peak of the infection in the age-group 6-11 months old, while prevalence by seasonality was demonstrated in the rainy season. During the three consecutive epidemic years, RSV subgroup A predominated over subgroup B in 1989 and 1991, and vice versa in 1990.

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Accession: 009346889

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