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Scutellospora castana, a newly described arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus

Scutellospora castana, a newly described arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus

Cryptogamie Mycologie 14(4): 279-286

Scutellospora castanea, a newly described fungus forming arbuscular mycorrhizas was isolated from soil beneath Lathyrus sylvestris in France. It was established in pot culture with Allium porrum and has been maintained for more than ten years on various host plants. The species is characterized by its shiny, more or less globose, chestnut-colored spores which are on average 300 mu-m in diameter and which possess a brittle outer wall group enclosing a flexible inner wall group on which is formed an indistinct germination shield. It can be distinguished from S. arenicola mainly by the lack of an amorphous spore wall, and from S. erythropa on the basis of spore size and wall structure.

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