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Segmental localization of mRNAs encoding Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase alpha- and beta-subunit isoforms in rat kidney using RT-PCR



Segmental localization of mRNAs encoding Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase alpha- and beta-subunit isoforms in rat kidney using RT-PCR



Kidney International 46(3): 627-638



To characterize the expression of genes encoding the alpha- and beta-subunit isoforms of the Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase in rat kidney, we used reverse transcription (RT)-PCR of microdissected renal structures combined with quantitation of subunit isoform mRNAs in the major renal parenchymal zones. Transcripts for alpha 1, alpha 2, alpha 3, beta 1, and beta 2 subunit isoforms were detected by RT-PCR in microdissected glomeruli, proximal convoluted tubules, medullary thick ascending limbs of Henle, cortical and inner medullary collecting ducts. The truncated alpha 1 (alpha 1-T) isoform was also amplified from cortex, outer and inner medulla and isolated glomeruli, but it was not detected in these nephron segments. The DNA sequence of the renal alpha 1-T PCR product was identical to that of the cDNA previously cloned from aortic smooth muscle cells. RNA dot-blot analysis indicated that the alpha 1, alpha 2, and alpha 3 isoforms contributed approximately 70%, approximately 20%, and approximately 10%, respectively, of the total alpha isoform mRNA in each parenchymal zone. RNase protection assays determined that the beta 1 and beta 2 isoforms accounted for approximately 95% and approximately 5%, respectively, of the beta isoform mRNA in each zone. These data provide definitive evidence for the differential expression of mRNAs encoding all the alpha and beta isoforms in the renal parenchyma, and for the coexpression of these isoforms in the nephron segments examined. The results suggest the potential expression of up to eight different Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase isoenzymes in the kidney, and for multiple molecular levels of regulation of renal Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase expression.

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Accession: 009389337

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PMID: 7996786


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