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Selective localization of amyloid precursor-like protein 1 in the cerebral cortex postsynaptic density



Selective localization of amyloid precursor-like protein 1 in the cerebral cortex postsynaptic density



Molecular Brain Research 32(1): 36-44



Senile plaques, a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD), contain amyloid beta-peptide (A-beta), which is generated from the larger amyloid beta protein precursor (APP). In addition to APP, several APP-related proteins have been recently identified in different organisms, including Drosophila amyloid precursor protein-like protein (APPL). Deficiency of APPL causes behavioral deficits in Drosophila, implicating a role in brain function. Moreover, mouse and human cDNA clones encoding amyloid precursor-like proteins (APLP1 and APLP2) have been identified and exhibit extensive sequence similarity to the APPL and APP genes. To define the potential role of APLP in the mammalian brain, we sought to directly localize APLP1 within the complex cortical synaptic structure. We focused on the postsynaptic density (PSD), which appears to be central to synaptic function. We now report that the 90 kDa APLP1, the first known APLP, is localized to the PSD from rat and human cerebral cortex. APLP1 increased during cortical synaptic development, suggesting a role in synaptogenesis of synaptic maturation. In contrast, APP was predominantly expressed in the synaptic membrane fraction, but was barely detectable in the PSD, indicating different subcellular distributions of APP and APLP1. Our observations raise the possibility that APLP1, a homologue of APPL, which appears to be necessary for normal behavior in Drosophila, participates in brain synaptic function in mammals.

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Accession: 009392683

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PMID: 7494461

DOI: 10.1016/0169-328x(95)00328-p


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