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Sequential changes of esophageal motility after endoscopic injection sclerotherapy of variceal ligation for esophageal variceal bleeding: A scintigraphic study



Sequential changes of esophageal motility after endoscopic injection sclerotherapy of variceal ligation for esophageal variceal bleeding: A scintigraphic study



American Journal of Gastroenterology 92(10): 1875-1878



Objective: Endoscopic injection sclerotherapy and variceal ligation are two popular endoscopic methods used to treat esophageal variceal hemorrhage. These two methods have not been compared with regard to esophageal dysfunction after treatment. This is a prospective investigation of esophageal dysmotility after endoscopic injection sclerotherapy and variceal ligation. Methods: Sequential changes of esophageal motility after endoscopic injection sclerotherapy (n = 25) and variceal ligation (n = 25) were investigated in 50 cirrhotic patients with recent variceal bleeding. Another 22 cirrhotics without esophageal varices were included as controls. Radionuclide esophageal transit tests were performed before initial endoscopic treatment, and 1 and 3 months after variceal eradication. Results: The baseline esophageal transit time was longer in both the sclerotherapy (n = 25, 7.8 +- 1.4 s) and ligation groups (n = 25, 8.2 +- 1.8 s) than in controls (n = 22, 6.7 +- 0.7 s, p lt 0.005). The transit time was longer in patients with large varices than in those with small varices (8.3 +- 1.7 vs. 7.2 +- 0.7 s, p lt 0.05). In the sclerotherapy group, the transit time was prolonged 1 month after variceal eradication, compared with its pretreatment state (n = 20, 7.6 +- 1.5 vs. 10.0 +- 2.2 s, p lt 0.0001) but was shortened at 3 months compared with 1 month after variceal eradication (n = 12, 10.7 +- 1.5 vs. 8.6 +- 2.2 s, p lt 0.05). Multiple regression analysis showed that the number of treatment sessions required to eradicate varices was the only significant factor associated with prolonged transit time (p lt 0.05). In the ligation group, the transit time changed little at 1 month or 3 months after variceal eradication. Conclusions: Impairment of esophageal motility can be significant with endoscopic injection sclerotherapy but is reversible. However, endoscopic variceal ligation exerts no significant impact on esophageal motility.

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Accession: 009400988

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PMID: 9382056


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