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Serial pulmonary function studies in children treated for newly diagnosed Hodgkin's disease with mantle radiotherapy plus cycles of cyclophosphamide, vincristine and procarbazine alternating with cycles of doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine



Serial pulmonary function studies in children treated for newly diagnosed Hodgkin's disease with mantle radiotherapy plus cycles of cyclophosphamide, vincristine and procarbazine alternating with cycles of doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine



Cancer 75(7): 1706-1711



Background: The pulmonary toxicity of bleomycin-containing chemotherapy combined with mantle radiotherapy in children treated for Hodgkin's disease was longitudinally assessed. Methods: The results of serial pulmonary function studies in 37 children, newly diagnosed and treated at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital between September 23,1983, and June 30,1988, with cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and procarbazine (COP) alternating with doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD) plus low dose mantle radiotherapy are analyzed. All patients had pulmonary function studies at least before the first bleomycin dose, after completion of radiotherapy, and serially upon discontinuation of therapy. Bleomycin therapy was withheld whenever measured carbon monoxide diffusing capacity was less than 50% of the predicted value. Results: Vital capacity, diffusing capacity, and diffusing capacity per unit of alveolar volume declined during the first 6 months of therapy but improved thereafter. At 2 years postdiagnosis, diffusing capacity per unit of alveolar volume remained significantly reduced. Only one patient was symptomatic at the 2-year point. The survival rate of these patients was 95% at a median followup of 93 months. Conclusion: If bleomycin is withheld when diffusing capacity is diminished to 50% predicted, clinical compromise of pulmonary function appears to be minimal in pediatric patients receiving alternating cycles of COP/ ABVD in combination with low-dose mantle radiotherapy. Survival was excellent, even with reduction of the total bleomycin dose.

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Accession: 009401792

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PMID: 8826931

DOI: 10.1002/1097-0142(19950401)75:7<1706::aid-cncr2820750723>3.0.co;2-t


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