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Shear stress-induced release of PGE2 and PGI2 by vascular smooth muscle cells



Shear stress-induced release of PGE2 and PGI2 by vascular smooth muscle cells



Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 224(3): 808-814



This study addresses the direct effect of fluid flow shear stress on production of the vascular mediators, PGE-2 and PGI-2 by vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC). Results indicate that shear stress increases PGE-2 and PGI-2 release in SMC. The production patterns, however, differ between PGE-2 and PGI-2. For PGE-2, the rate of production is moderate for the first three hours after the onset of shear stress, then dramatically increases between the fourth and fifth hours, returning to basal levels in the sixth hour. On the other hand, the rate for PGI-2 production is maximal right after the onset of shear and remains elevated for the first three hours. The rate then plateaus and remains at a moderate level during the next three hours. The results also indicate that SMC production of PGI-2 is more sensitive to shear stress than PGE-2 production since a level of 0.5 dynes/cm-2 produces a maximal PGI-2 release whereas 1 dyne/cm-2 produces only 1/4 the response seen at 20 dynes/cm-2 for PGE-2. The physiological implications of fluid shear stress regulation of SMC are discussed.

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Accession: 009411216

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 8713127

DOI: 10.1006/bbrc.1996.1104


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