Simple and rapid determination of enflurane in human tissues using gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry
Ise, H.; Kudo, K.; Jitsufuchi, N.; Imamura, T.; Ikeda, N.
Journal of Chromatography. B Biomedical Sciences and Applications 698(1-2): 97-102
ISSN/ISBN: 1387-2273 PMID: 9367197 DOI: 10.1016/s0378-4347(97)00279-x
A simple, rapid and reliable method was devised to determine the levels of enflurane in human tissues, using gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. 1,4-Dioxane was used as an internal standard (I.S.). Enflurane and the I.S. were extracted from 0.25 g of body tissues using an automatic headspace sampler and 1 ml of headspace gas was injected into the gas chromatograph. Enflurane was analyzed qualitatively by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and quantitatively by gas chromatography with a flame-ionization detector. The calibration curves in all tissues examined were linear in the concentration range 1-100 mu-g/0.25 g. The lower limit of detection was 200-300 ng/0.25 g. The accuracy and precision of this method were evaluated at two different concentrations, 1 and 20 mu-g/0.25 g. The coefficient of variation ranged from 3.4-13.4%. We used this method to determine the presence of enflurane in tissues from an autopsied individual who died suddenly during extirpation of a malignant tumor.