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Soil characteristics and yield performance of sorghum X sudangrass hybrid as affected by application of cattle manure compost

Soil characteristics and yield performance of sorghum X sudangrass hybrid as affected by application of cattle manure compost

RDA Journal of Agro-Environment Science 39(1): 50-55

Sorghum X sudangrass hybrid (cv. Pioneer 988) was grown on fine loamy red-yellow soils (Jeonnam series) to evaluate the influence of cattle manure compost fertilization on soil chemical properties and yield performance of the crops. Two different materials of cattle manure compost mixed with sawdust(CMS) and rice husks(CMR) mixtures were used in the trial with three application rates (CMS 1 = N-200 kg, 2 = N-300 kg, 3 = N-400 kg/ha). Chemical fertilizer(CF: N-200, P2O5-150, K2O-150 kg/ha) was applied as control plot. The experimental field was arranged as a randomized block design with three replications. Sorghum plant was harvested at the stage of boot for silage production. Application of cattle manure compost improved soil fertility of the experimental field, especially in the contents of organic matter and available phosphate. Organic matter in surface A horizon was increased from 27 g/kg at beginning of trial in 1994 to 42.6-55.1(CMS) and 38.3-57.6 g/kg (CMR) after trial in 1996. Content of available phosphate (P2O5) was increased from 207 mg/kg to 209-455 mg/kg (CMS) and 291-423 mg/kg (CMR) during same period of 1994-1996. Potassium(K) and calcium (Ca) were shown also a great increment in the cattle manure application. Soil reaction and the mineral nutrients such as Mn and Na showed a not significant variation between chemical fertilizer and compost application. Sorghum produced 16.56 ton in CMS1, 18.17 ton in CMS2, 19.88 ton in CMS3 and 16.80 ton/ha in CF by dry matter basis. NEL yields were 93067MJ(CMS1), 103751MJ (CMS2), 113912MJ(CMS3) and 95088MJ/ha(CF) respectively. Yields of sorghum cultivated under application of two different cattle manures, CMS and CMR were shown a not significant differences both in dry matter yield and net energy production.

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