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Sp1 and Sp3 transactivate the human lipoprotein lipase gene promoter through binding to a CT element: synergy with the sterol regulatory element binding protein and reduced transactivation of a naturally occurring promoter variant



Sp1 and Sp3 transactivate the human lipoprotein lipase gene promoter through binding to a CT element: synergy with the sterol regulatory element binding protein and reduced transactivation of a naturally occurring promoter variant



Journal of Lipid Research 39(10): 2054-2064



Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is a key enzyme in lipoprotein and energy metabolism and, therefore, regulation of its expression could have an important bearing on these processes. We have identified an evolutionarily conserved 5'-CCTCCCCCC-3' motif (from -91 to -83, CT element) in the human LPL gene promoter, deletion or mutation of which caused approximately 70-80% decrease in promoter activity. We found that Sp1 and Sp3 in THP-1 nuclear protein extracts bind specifically to this element. Co-transfection with Sp1 and Sp3 expression plasmids transactivated the LPL promoter via the CT element in Drosophila SL2 cells devoid of Sp proteins. Sp3 moderately repressed Sp1-mediated LPL promoter activation when both were coexpressed in SL2 cells. Furthermore, co-expression of an active sterol regulatory element binding protein (SREBP-1), with Sp1, but not with Sp3, synergistically activated the LPL promoter in SL2 cells. We previously reported a naturally occurring TfwdarwG substitution at position -93 of the human LPL promoter which reduces promoter activity by 40-50% in transient transfection assays. In this study, we showed that this substitution results in reduced binding affinity to Sp1/Sp3 and in diminished transactivation by Sp1/Sp3 alone and by the synergistic action of Sp1 and SREBP-1. In conclusion, recruitment of Sp1/Sp3 by the CT element may play an important role in expression of the human lipoprotein lipase gene. Synergistic transcriptional activation by Sp1 and SREBP-1 may provide a mechanism for cross-talk between cholesterol and triglyceride metabolic pathways.

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Accession: 009437797

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PMID: 9788252


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