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Spawning mode and reproductive output of the tropical cephalopod Idiosepius pygmaeus


Spawning mode and reproductive output of the tropical cephalopod Idiosepius pygmaeus



Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 50(1): 20-28



ISSN/ISBN: 0706-652X

DOI: 10.1139/f93-003

Reproductive biology of the tropical sepioid cephalopod Idiosepius pygmaeus was investigated in wild specimens and in individuals maintained in aquaria through the adult life span. This species produced multiple egg batches over 80% of the observable adult weight range, indicating a coordination of reproductive and somatic growth. Reproductive output was consistent within, but variable between, individuals. Oocyte synthesis and maturation occur continuously after sexual maturation has been reached. Senescence and death are not related to an exhaustion of reproductive potential. On average, captive female I. pygmaeus with access to unlimited food produced 640 eggs in 11 batches over 18 d. When reproductive output was expressed as a ratio of dry female body weight, on average, specimens had incorporated five times their body weight into eggs and egg coatings. Under food stress, captive specimens laid fewer eggs but maintained egg size and periodicity of egg laying. Food stress had no effect on either laying duration or weight at death. This study provides further evidence that terminal spawning modes are not ubiquitous amongst cephalopods.

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Accession: 009440300

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