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Specific cytogenetic aberrations in two novel human prostatic cell lines immortalized by human papillomavirus type 18 DNA



Specific cytogenetic aberrations in two novel human prostatic cell lines immortalized by human papillomavirus type 18 DNA



Cancer Genetics & Cytogenetics 99(2): 108-115



Using chromosome banding and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with painting probes, sequential cytogenetic analysis was performed of two novel prostate cell lines, PZ-HPV-7 and CA-HPV-10, established by human papillomavirus (HPV) 18 DNA transformation. PZ-HPV-7 originates from a normal diploid prostate epithelial cell strain. PZ-HPV-7 progressed from an initial diploid to a hypertetraploid chromosome number with a relative gain of chromosomes 5 and 20 (7 to 8 copies each). Structural changes were limited; 3p- (2 copies), 3q- (1 copy), and possibly a der(16p;12q). CA-HPV-10 originates from an epithelial cell strain derived from a high-grade human prostate cancer specimen, which showed several karyotypic abnormalities including an extra Y chromosome and double minutes (dmin). In early passage the karyotype of CA-HPV-10 appeared unstable with a decreasing number of cells exhibiting dmin. In late passage the dmin were replaced by a large homogeneously staining region (hsr) on 9p+ marker. The hsr was shown by FISH to be of chromosome 1 origin. The modal number was mainly hypertriploid (72, range 69 to 75). Loss of Y was remarkable (0 to 1 copy). Consistent markers included two copies each of del(1)(q12q31) and der(9)t(1;9)(?;p22), and one der(11)t(4;11) (?;q21). HPV type 18 genomic integration sites were identified on 1p for PZ-HPV-7 and on the 9p+ marker for CA-HPV-10. In conclusion, both PZ-HPV-7 and CA-HPV-10 showed clonal cytogenetic changes. These two cell lines constitute a novel in vitro model to study the mechanisms involved in human prostate carcino-genesis.

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Accession: 009442160

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PMID: 9398864

DOI: 10.1016/s0165-4608(97)00207-0


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