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Staging invasive bladder tumors


Journal of Surgical Oncology 51(4): 217-220
Staging invasive bladder tumors
Staging of bladder tumors is based primarily on the depth of tumor invasion (T-category). Stage is important to treatment planning and prognosis. The problem is that clinical evaluation by T-category alone often understages the pathologic extent of disease and does not reliably predict treatment results. The current analysis shows that the presence of a mass palpable on bimanual examination is of prognostic value. Incorporating tumor volume with microscopic tumor invasion may enhance the usefulness of clinical staging.

Accession: 009452372

PMID: 1434650

DOI: 10.1002/jso.2930510403

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