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Stimulation of prostaglandin production from intact human fetal membranes by bacteria and bacterial products



Stimulation of prostaglandin production from intact human fetal membranes by bacteria and bacterial products



Placenta 19(4): 301-306



The addition of live or sonicated Escherichia coli, or endotoxin from E. coli increased the release of prostaglandins (PG) on both sides of intact human fetal membranes after 24 h of incubation, indicating that live bacteria were not required to activate prostaglandin production. Time-course studies showed that the levels of PGE2 and PGF2alpha on the fetal side of the membrane were increased 6 h after the addition of endotoxin, whereas levels on the maternal side increased within 1-2 h. These changes were independent of the side to which the endotoxin was added, indicating that a stimulatory factor passes through the fetal membranes. This factor is not endotoxin, which did not cross the membranes, and further studies are required to identify this endogenous stimulus. Prostaglandin metabolite levels were either unaffected or increased by endotoxin, indicating that the main effect is at the level of increased prostaglandin biosynthesis rather than decreased metabolism.

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Accession: 009458955

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 9639326

DOI: 10.1016/s0143-4004(98)90062-5


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