Structural elements of Trimeresurus flavoviridis serum inhibitors for recognition of its venom phospholipase A2 isozymes
Nobuhisa, I.; Chiwata, T.; Fukumaki, Y.; Hattori, S.; Shimohigashi, Y.; Ohno, M.
FEBS Letters 429(3): 385-389
ISSN/ISBN: 0014-5793 PMID: 9662454 DOI: 10.1016/s0014-5793(98)00602-4
Five inhibitors (PLI-I-V) against Trimeresurus flavoviridis (Tf, habu snake, Crotalinae) venom phospholipase A2 (PLA2) isozymes have been isolated from its serum. PLI-I, which is composed of two repeated three-finger motifs, and PLI-IV and PLI-V, which contain a sequence similar to the carbohydrate recognition domain (CRD) of C-type lectins, were expressed in the forms fused with glutathione S-transferase (GST). The resulting GST-PLIs showed ability to bind to three Tf venom PLA2 isozymes. The binding study with the truncated forms indicated that one of two three-finger motifs of PLI-I was able to bind to PLA2 isozymes. The N-terminal 37-amino acid fragment and the CRD-like domain of PLI-IV and PLI-V were bound to PLA2 isozymes. On the other hand, their C-terminal 12-amino acid segment also associated with PLA2 isozymes. When either of two units of a hydrophobic tripeptide in this sequence was replaced by trialanine, the binding was completely abolished, indicating that the C-terminal hydrophobic cores of PLI-IV and PLI-V were critically responsible for the binding to venom PLA2 isozymes.